Since local governance is considered to be the modern constructive proposal to traditional approaches to decentralization, it seems as the next logical step for decentralization reforms in the transition/ post-conflict countries. The models currently applied in these countries are a mixture of older, traditional approaches to decentralization that have reached their limits in the way they have been practiced all over the world. More important, they are usually enforced through external pressure and interventions in a series of governmental maneuvers, often without any political, administrative or social consensus. This being the case, the outcomes are limited and their main goal, namely the establishment of peace, social inclusion andwelfare, remains unattained. The point that the paper is going to illustrate is that currentdecentralization practices in transition countries and, especially, in the so called post-conflictcountries, are still far behind the local governance concept. Read the article here.